The candela per square metre (cd/m²) is the SI unit of luminance; nit is a non-SI name also used for this unit. It is often used to quote the brightness of computer displays, which typically have luminances of 50 to 300 nits (the sRGB spec for monitors targets 80 nits). Modern flat-panel (LCD and plasma) displays often exceed 300 cd/m² or 300 nits. The term is believed to come from the Latin "nitere" = to shine. Read more >>

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Luminance is a photometric measure of the density of luminous intensity in a given direction. It describes the amount of light that passes through or is emitted from a particular area, and falls within a given solid angle. The SI unit for luminance is candela per square metre (cd/m2). The CGS unit of luminance is the stilb, which is equal to one candela per square centimetre or 10 kcd/m2. Read more >>